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Beirut's Heritage Buildings

This guide aims to list some of Beirut's heritage buildings and provide resources to assist researchers with their needs on this specific topic.

Resolution 166

Resolution no. 166/L.R. issued on 07-11-1933 (Antiquities Law) by the French High Commissioner De Martel.
What are Antiquities and How to Preserve them?
Article 1: An antiquity refers to a human-made object produced before the year 1700 A.D. (1107 A.H.) regardless of the place in which it was found;
An antiquity-like object, also subject to this law, refers to immovable objects that were made after the year 1700 A.D; whose preservation serves the public interest historically and artistically, and which are listed in the “General Inventory of Historical Buildings List.”
Article 2: ... “Immovable antiquities refer to all constructions, buildings, ruins or remains of a building, whether apparent or buried, and all natural sites that were made or used by humans, such as rock shelters; the law defines how to protect antiquities, and therefore, it is prohibited to destroy, transform, and damage, both movable and immovable antiquities by writing on them, engraving them, or otherwise changing their features. It is also prohibited to own, sell, or buy historical buildings, or parts that belongs to historical buildings, without a permit. It is prohibited to draft city expansion or enhancement maps without the approval of the antiquity manager.”
Article 20: Every region should register a public inventory for historical buildings, and a similar inventory in the Management of Directorate of Antiquities.
It is prohibited to demolish, transfer, restore, repair, or alter the registered historical building without the consent of the Directorate of Antiquities; the reforms carried out by the owner are at his expenses, in which the state or municipality can participate with a certain percentage.

Source: Cultural heritage vs. concrete. (October 18, 2016).

Buildings listed in the public inventory for historical buildings (1980 – 2016)

Resolution No.

Resolution Date

Estate/Place listed in the inventory and its location

31 13 April 2016  The house of Riad Solh;  real estate no. 1289 in Al Mazraa’, Beirut
30 13 April 2016 The house of General De Gaulle real estate no. 37 in Msaytbeh, Beirut
104 2 July 2014 Massad Stairs in Rmeil, Achrafieh, Beirut
89 3 June 2014 Estate no. 342 in Rmeil, Beirut
88 3 June 2014 Estate no. 382 in Al Mdawar, Beirut; the building dates to the beginning of the 20th century.
87 3 June 2014 Estate no. 2431 in Achrafieh, Beirut; the building has a heritage significance and a planning value.
85 3 June 2014 Estates no. 238, 234, and 240 in Assaifi, Beirut
75 13 May 2014 Estates no. 179 and 180 in Rmeil, Beirut
74 13 May 2014 Estate no. 458 in Rmeil, Beirut; it dates to the beginning of the 20th century
72 13 May 2014 Estate no. 46 in Al Mdawar, Beirut
40 4 March 2014 Estate no. 580 in Achrafieh, Beirut
36 27 February 2014 Estate no. 728 in Achrafieh, Beirut
11 6 February 2014 Estate no. 317 in Bashoura, Beirut
208 31st December 2013 Estate no. 1520 in Bashoura, Beirut
203 31st December 2013 Estates no. 1343 and 1339 in Al Mazraa’, Beirut
201 31st December 2013 Estate no. 698 in Achrafieh, Beirut
201 31st December 2013 Estate no. 696 in Achrafieh, Beirut
85 4 June 2013 Estate no. 666 Mina El Hosn, Beirut
71 26 June 2012 Enlisting the Ancient Al- Tal, which includes several estates
5 20 January 2012 Estate no. 1824 of Al Msaitbeh, Beirut
133 21 December 2011 A division of estate no. 243 in Ain Mreisseh where the Theatre of Beirut is located.
74 29 July 2010 Estates no. 565 and 567 of Zokak el Blat in Beirut;  they are an Ottoman Police Station (Karakol), and the residence of Feyruz, which was her parents’ home.
73 29 July 2010 Estate no. 501 of Zokak el Blat, in Beirut; it is known as El Khoury Palace.
56 19 June 2010 Estates no. 614 and 622 of Zokak el Blat, in Beirut; they are known as Ziadeh Castle and Hneyneh Castle, dating back to the 2nd half of the 19th century.
63 26 August 2009 Estate bo. 1370 of Mina El Hosn, in Beirut; it is a part of the place where Roman chariot racing happened.
7 7 February 2008 Amendment of resolution 60/1996 that states the enlisting of estates no. 358 and 359 in Rmeil, Beirut 
22 22 April 1997  Estate no. 219 of Moussaitbeh Real Estate - Beirut District
10 9 April 1996  Serail Hill in Downtown Beirut 
25 18 June 1996 The building located in the estate no. 426 of Mina El Hosn, Beirut District
24 18 June 1996 The building located in the estate no. 585 of Ras Beirut, Beirut District
18 8 May 1996  The building located in the estate no. 270 of Ras Beirut, Beirut District
41 29 September 1995 The building located in the estate no. 1906 of Al-Mazraa Real Estate, Beirut District. It is the Pine Residence whose ownership moved from Beirut Municipality to the French state. The Municipality received in return a number of French estates. 
26 11 August 1994 The buildings located in the estates no. 12, 15, 16, 24, 25, 26, 27, 47, 90, and 104, 553 of Beirut Port and the building located in Mina El Hosn, Beirut
16 13 August 1991 The building located in the estate no. 26 of Zokak el-Blat, Beirut District
8 29 March 1983  Estate no. 84 of Rmeil Real Estate, Beirut

Source: Cultural heritage vs. concrete. (October 18, 2016).