Lebanese Copyright Law was enacted on April 3, 1999, and entered into force on June 6, 1999.
Amendments to copyright law was drafted in 2007 and intended to amend some provisions of law number 75 of April 3, 1999.
Works Eligible for Protection under the Lebanese Law:
In addition to the works of Lebanese authors residing anywhere, the copyright law protects:
Duration of Copyright begins with the creation and fixation of the work, and lasts for 50 years after the creator’s death
Life of the author + 50 year to be computed from the end of the year in which the death has occurred.
|Joint work||Life of the joint authors + 50 years after the death of the last joint author to be computed from the end of the year in which the death has occurred.
Should one of the authors die without leaving heirs, his share shall pass to the co-authors or to their heirs, unless stated otherwise.
|Audiovisual works||50 years from the making of such work, to be computed from the end of the year in which the work has been completed.|
|Collective works||50 years starting from the end of the year in which the work has been made available to the public.|
|50 years after the work has been legally made available to the public.|
|Performers||50 years to be computed from the end of the year in which the performance has been carried out.|
|Producers of sound recordings||
50 years to be computed from the end of the year in which the first fixation of sound on tangible material has taken place.
|Broadcasting organizations||50 years to be computed from the end of the year in which the broadcasting of their programs has taken place.|
|Publishing houses||50 years to be computed from the end of the year in which the first publication has taken place.|
Exceptions and Limitations
Lebanese copyright law set out some exceptions for the use in specific cases, of copyright and related rights without the author’s consent and without paying him any fee. This use is based on strict conditions that must be respected otherwise such use will be considered an infringement of copyright.
Lebanese Copyright Act: Chapter VI enumerates an exhaustive list of the exceptions.
In total 10 different kind of use are permitted without asking the permission of the copyright owner (Articles 23 to 34); Articles 25 and 27 benefit the public libraries
Exceptions for non-profit educational institutions
Non-profit-making educational institutions, universities and/or public libraries may, without the authorization of the author and without obligation to pay him compensation:
N.B. “Fair Use” concept is not embedded in the law but the Lebanese copyright law exceptions allow the practice of “Fair Use”
Exceptions for Personal Use
Any natural person may, without the authorization of the author and without obligation to pay him compensation:
Major changes and treaties related to copyright in Lebanon
|September 11, 1872||Ottoman Law on Privileged Works: first law to protect literary and intellectual property rights in Lebanon|
|January 17, 1924||Under the French mandate, Resolution No. 2385 which protect various forms of intellectual property including literary and artistic property was issued|
|June 28, 1934||Resolution No. 141/L.R. aimed at implementing the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works in all states in the Middle East under French Mandate, including Lebanon.|
|March 1, 1943||First Lebanese Criminal Code was promulgated. It set out in Articles 722 to 729 the penal sanctions for the infringement of literary and artistic property rights and the crime of piracy|
|September 30, 1947||Lebanon joined the Berne Convention and ratified its modifications introduced in Paris in 1971.|
|July 17, 1959||Lebanon joined the Universal Copyright Convention (UCC) in order to protect the intellectual property rights of Lebanese authors in countries which were not at that time parties to the Berne Convention.|
|June 26, 1962||Lebanon signed the Rome Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations. It become effective in May 12, 1977, when it was ratified by the Lebanese Parliament|
|June 6, 1999||Law No. 75/99 on the Protection of Literary and Artistic Property issued|
|July 1, 2002||Resolution No. 2002/16 on the rights of copying and copying of computer programs by nonprofit educational institutions and academic and public libraries|
|May 25, 2006||Circular No. A/1/4: on protection of computer programs and fight against piracy; Circular No. A/1/5: on the protection of audiovisual and musical works; Circular No. A/1/6: on the protection of literary, artistic and scientific works|
|November 15, 2007||Decree No. 918 on the creation and organization of work of associations and companies of collective management of copyright and related rights and how to exercise control of the Ministry of Culture and checking violations|
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Country Profiles - Lebanon
|Contracting Party||Treaty||Signature||Instrument||In Force||Details|
|Lebanon||Berne Convention||Accession: February 19, 1946||September 30, 1947||Details|
|Lebanon||Brussels Convention||May 21, 1974|
|Lebanon||Madrid Agreement (Indications of Source)||Accession: June 1, 1924||September 1, 1924||Details|
|Lebanon||Marrakesh VIP Treaty||June 28, 2013|
|Lebanon||Nice Agreement||June 15, 1957||Ratification: May 30, 1960||April 8, 1961|
|Lebanon||Paris Convention||Accession: June 18, 1924||September 1, 1924||Details|
|Lebanon||Patent Law Treaty||June 2, 2000|
|Lebanon||Rome Convention||June 26, 1962||Ratification: May 12, 1997||August 12, 1997|
|Lebanon||Singapore Treaty||December 5, 2006|
|Lebanon||WIPO Convention||Accession: September 30, 1986||December 30, 1986|