Limitations and exceptions to copyright
Starting with Berne Convention limitations and exceptions to copyright were recognized as a way to balance the interests of those who create content, with the public interest in having the widest possible access to that content. Exceptions usually try to provide some flexibility in using copyrighted materials for educational or personal purposes.There are two trends in applying the exceptions:
Berne Convention revisions, and the evolution of its limitations and exceptions to copyright (2017)
Th Digital Environment and the need for Technical Protection Measures have created the need more special copyright regulations under fair use and exceptions.
Limitations and exceptions to copyright aim to balance the interests of those who create content, with the public interest in having the widest possible access to that content. WIPO Copyright Treaty, Article 10
Exceptions vary from country to country due to particular social, economic and historical conditions. This report gathers and analyzes law related to copyright exceptions from all 188 countries that are current members of WIPO.
IFLA, EIFL and LCA are working with WIPO Member States to gain support for a binding international instrument on copyright limitations and exceptions to enable libraries to preserve their collections, support education and research, and lend materials. More on advocacy.