The common ground for copyright protection of works and the rights of its authors is provided by the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, signed for the first time in 1886 and administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
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The copyright owner controls the use of his work in a number of ways and he receives remuneration (material rights) and, attribution and integrity (moral rights). In order to use a copyrighted work, outside of the exceptions stated in the law, you need to get the permission of the copyright holder.
In most cases, the author or creator of the work is the copyright holder unless they have transferred the rights to someone else through a written agreement, such as a publishing agreement.
* If the work is created as part of a person's employment, it may be a "work for hire," meaning that the employer is the copyright holder.
* If two or more people together create a work, they are joint holders of the copyright. Joint owners each have an equal right to exercise and enforce the copyright.