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Arab and Middle Eastern Studies: Reference

This guide is intended to help you know more about Library and Internet resources in the area of Arab and Middle Eastern Studies. Use this guide as your starting point, come to the Library or Ask a Librarian for more resources and help.

What is Reference ?

Reference books such as encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks and biographies help you find factual and background information about your topic


Google and Wikipedia could be good places to start your search for general and initial ideas about your topic. But you will always have to use Library resources to get more credible information.

List of Online Encyclopedias

Islamic Studies

 For more go to Databases, limit your search by subject to Islamic Studies. Or, search the Library Catalog, do a keyword search for "Islam" AND Encyclopedias or dictionaries AND Islam

Arabic Reference Sources

Selected Arabic Encyclopedias: