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What is Reference ?
Reference books such as encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks and biographies help you find factual and background information about your topic.
Google and Wikipedia could be good places to start your search for general and initial ideas about your topic. But you will always have to use Library resources to get more credible information.
Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition This link opens in a new windowThe encyclopedia offers access to 9,000 articles and reflects the first highly international collaboration of scholars in this field.
The scope of the Encyclopedia of Islam First Edition Online is philology, history, theology and law until early 20th century.
The encyclopedia was originally published in print between 1913 and 1936.
Date Coverage: 1913-1936
The demand for an encyclopaedic work on Islam was created by the increasing (colonial) interest in Muslims and Islamic cultures during the nineteenth century.
Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition This link opens in a new windowA comprehensive reference work on the Islamic world. It contains the entire text of volume I to XII of the printed edition. It includes articles on famous Muslim personalities, tribes and dynasties, Islamic crafts, political and religious institutions, ethnography, history, monuments of the major towns and cities and much more. It contains articles, figures, drawings, genealogical tables, maps, and biographies.
Date Coverage: 1954-2004
Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE This link opens in a new windowCovers a wider range of disciplines and methodologies than the 2nd edition with new articles reflecting the diversity of current scholarship.
The new scope includes comprehensive coverage of Islam in the twentieth century, attention to Muslim minorities all over the world, full attention to social science as well as humanistic perspectives.
Date Coverage: 2007 to present
Search Reference Databases
Cambridge Companions This link opens in a new windowThe complete collection of companions published by Cambridge University Press.
The Cambridge Companions Platform offers four collections:
The Complete Companions
The Companions to Literature and Classics
The Companions to Philosophy, Religion and Culture
The Companions to Music
Date Coverage: Complete collection till end of 2021
Oxford Classical Dictionary This link opens in a new windowAn essential reference work covering all aspects of the classical world from literature and history to religion, science, and archaeology. It provides coverage of Greek and Roman history, literature, myth, religion, law, linguistics, philosophy, science, art and archaeology, and topics in near eastern studies and late antiquity.
Date Coverage: 2012
Find Reference Books and E-Books
Use the Library Catalog to find books and other materials available at the University Libraries.
Use SearchAll to search across the Library resources. Limit search results to Reference.
List of Online Encyclopedias