First Aliyah: 1882-1903
Took place in late 1800s and prior to political Zionism. Immigrants arrived mainly from Russia and Yemen.
Immigrants from Russia arrived in two waves
In all, nearly 35,000 Jews came to Palestine during the First Aliyah.
|Second Aliyah: 1904-1914
At this stage immigrants established the first kibbutz (Degania 1909) and revived the Hebrew language.
In all, 40,000 Jews immigrated during the Second Aliyah
|Third Aliyah: 1919-1923
Immigrants were mainly young pioneers from Russia and Poland. British Occupation of Palestine and Balfour Declaration triggered the Third Aliyah.
Approximately 40,000 Jews arrived in Palestine and relatively few returned to their countries of origin.
Fourth Aliyah: 1924-1928
This wave was the result of the economic crisis and anti-Jewish policies in Eastern Europe as well as the restrictive immigration quota of the United States.
In all, the Fourth Aliyah brought 82,000 Jews to Palestine
Fifth Aliyah: 1929-1939
Bring Jewish immigrants mainly from Germany. Majority of these immigrants were professionals (engineers, doctors, etc.)
The Fifth Aliyah becomes a massive immigration between the years 1933 and 1935 when Hitler rose power in Germany.
By 1940, nearly 250,000 Jews had arrived to Palestine
Aliyah Bet: 1939-1948
Illegal immigration resulting of severe restrictions that Britain imposed on immigration of Jews.
This illegal immigration started in 1934, continued in World War Two and concluded in 1948.
It is estimated that between 1939 and 1948 around 110,000 Jewish immigrants had participated in Aliyah Bet.
For additional information please consult the following resources
Chronology of major events on Jewish Immigration from 1878 to 1946
|1878||First modern Zionist agriculture settlement of Petach Tiqwa established.|
Turkish regulation restricting Jewish immigration to Palestine.
Baron Edmond de Rothschild of Paris starts financial backing for Jewish settlement in Palestine.
First waves of Jewish Immigrants (1882-1903).
|1896||Jewish Colonization Association founded in 1891 in London by German Baron Maurice de Hirsh who starts aiding Zionists settlement in Palestine.|
|1901||Establishment of Jewish National Fund. Charged with the task of fundraising for the purpose of Acquiring a land to be inalienably Jewish and employing exclusively Jewish labor.|
|1904||Second wave of Jewish immigrants (1904-1914).|
|1909||Establishment of the first kibbutz, based exclusively on Jewish Labor.|
|1919||Third wave of Jewish immigrants (1919-1923).|
|1924||Fourth wave of Jewish immigrants (1924-1928).|
|1930||Hope - Simpson Report on land settlement, immigration and development in Palestine. The report concluded that there is no sufficient agricultural land for substantially increased number of Jewish settlers.|
|1939||MacDonald White Paper restricts Jewish land purchases and immigration to Palestine.|
|1940||Land transfers regulations, suggested by 1939 White Paper enter into force.
N. B. 60,000 Jewish immigrants entered Palestine between the years 1940 and 1945, including 20 to 25,000 who entered the country illegally.
|1945||Ernest Bevin issues White Paper announcing continued Jewish immigration into Palestine after exhaustion of 1939 White Paper quota.|
|1946||Anglo-American Committee recommended admitting 100,000 Jewish refugees into Palestine.|